By: Carolyn Bigg

After a third deliberation, the Chinese government passed the new PRC Cybersecurity Law on 7 November 2016. The new law will come into force on 1 June 2017 and has significant implications for the data privacy and cybersecurity practices of both Chinese companies and international organisations doing business in China.
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By: Dr. Ulrike Grübler (Hamburg, Germany)

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has denied trademark protection for an existing EU registration of the famous puzzle known as Rubik’s Cube. Following a decision issued by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on 10 November 2016, the judges annulled prior decisions of EUIPO and the General Court that had confirmed the registration of the 3D trademark. The judges held that the trademark involved a technical solution and that not only visible but also invisible functional elements have to be taken into account (Judgement of 10 November 2016, C-30/15 P).
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By: Richard Taylor and Alasdair Muller (United Kingdom)

The English Court of Appeal has confirmed that, in the UK, the sale or distribution of trade mark goods outside an authority granted by the trade mark holder can constitute a criminal offence (R v C and others, applying Trade Marks Act 1994 (the “Act”) s92(1)*).  Possession with a view to sell/distribute such goods is also a criminal offence. 
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By: Paula Mena BarretoDiego Mattos Osegueda, and Manoela Quintas Esteves

On October 18th, the National Industrial Property Institute (INPI) published Resolution INPI/PR 172/2016, to improve the analysis and recognition of so-called “highly renowned” trademarks in Brazil. The alterations brought by the new resolution were formulated based on the suggestions of associations involved in the industrial property area, such as the Working Group on Trademarks of the Brazilian Association of Industrial Property Agents (ABAPI).
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By Josephine Gardiner (Sydney)

Australia’s best-known horse racing event, the Melbourne Cup is on today. The race is known to stop the nation… but that’s not all they’re stopping for! Floral frocks, feathers and fascinators – the event is a real life fashion show with its own catwalk known as ‘Fashions on the Field’. The dress etiquette for the event requires ladies to wear a headpiece, usually a one-off piece of millinery. However, such ‘one-off’ pieces are becoming harder to find as millinery falls victim to copying.
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By Emil R. Infante and Harout Jack Samra

Few countries match the expropriatory model of revolutionary Cuba. Described by one scholar as the “largest uncompensated taking of American property by a foreign government in history,” the expropriations touched virtually every industry on the island.[1] The nearly 6,000 claims filed in the United States were valued by the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission as of 1972 at US$1.9 billion.[2]
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